Papers and Publications

Authored or Co-Authored by Robert J. Bell

 

  • Impagliazzo, A.M., and Bell, R.J., "Steam Surface Condenser Operating and Design Considerations", ASME78-JPGC-Pwr-19, presented at the 1978 Joint ASME/IEEE/ASCE Power Generation Conference, Dallas, TX. [conference paper]

  • Bell, R. J., “ID Fan Performance and Noise” (co-author), presented at the EPRI Symposium on Power Plant Fans State-of-the-Art, October 1981. [conference paper]

  • Bell, R.J., and Nery, R.A., "An Engineering Approach to a Cost Effective Schedule For Condenser Cleaning", Proceedings: Fossil Plant Heat Rate Improvement Conference and Workshop. Palo Alto, CA: Electric Power Research Institute. December 1981. CS-2180. [Conference Paper]

  • Bell, R. J., and Impagliazzo, A.M., “Condenser Retubing Criteria Manual” Palo Alto CA: Electric Power Research Institute, May 1982. [report]

  • Bell, R.J., Impagliazzo, A.M., “Failure Cause Analysis - Condensers and Associated Systems”, Volume 1, Palo Alto, CA: Electric Power Research Institute, June 1982. GS2378. [report]

  • Bell, R. J., “Criteria for Retubing Condenser with Highly Corrosion/Erosion Resistant Tubes: A Synopsis of Electric Power Research Institute’s Report TPS 79-763” (co-author), presented at the Joint ASME/ANS Nuclear Engineering Conference, Portland, OR., July 1982. [conference paper]

  • Bell, R.J., and Mussalli, Y.G., "Instrumentation and Tech­niques for Condenser Performance Monitoring", presented at the Joint ASME/ANS Nuclear Engineering Conference, Por­tland, OR., July 25-28, 1982. [conference paper]

  • Bell, R.J., and Diaz-Tous, I.A., "Performance of Condenser Tube Materials in the Electric Utility Industry", ASME/IEEE 82-JPGC-Pwr-12, Joint Power Generation Conference, Denver, CO., 1982. [conference paper]

  • Andreone, C.L., and Bell, R.J., "Achieving Highly Reliable Feedwater Heaters", ASME-JPGC/PWR 8, ASME/IEEE Joint Power Generation Conference, Denver, CO., 1982. [conference paper]

  • Bell, R. J., “Advanced Design High Reliability Condenser” (co-author), presented at the 169th meeting of The Edison Electric Institute’s Prime Movers, Denver, CO., May 1983. [conference paper]

  • Mussalli, Y.G., Bell, R.J., and Impagliazzo, A.M., “The High Reliability Condenser Design Study “, Palo Alto, CA: Electric Power Research Institute, July 1983. GS3200. [report]

  • Bell, R.J., and Diaz-Tous, I.A., "The Impact of Macrofouling on The Heat Rejection System". Proceedings: Symposium On Condenser Macrofouling Control Technologies: The State-of-the-Art. Palo Alto, CA: Electric Power Research Institute, December, 1983. CS-3343. [report]

  • Bell, R.J. and Conley, E.F., "Art of Corrosion Failure Analysis", ASME/IEEE Joint Power Generation Conference, 83-JPGC-PWR-23. [conference paper] Diaz-Tous, I.A. and Bell, R.J., "High Reliability Feedwater Heaters", Presented at the Edison Electric Institutes' Prime Movers and Nuclear Committees Meeting, New Orleans, LA., January 1984. [conference paper]

  • Bell, R. J., “High Reliability and Performance Condensers”, (co-author), presented May 1984, at the Pacific Coast Energy Association, Oakland, CA. [conference paper] Reid D.J., Bell R.J. and Kalis J., "Accurate Eddy Current Testing of ID Corrosion in Heat Exchanger Tubing”. Presented at the (1984) EPRI Fossil Plant Inspection Conference San Antonio, TX. [conference paper]

  • Spires, G.V., Mileris, G.V., and Bell, R.J., "Case History: Lining Condenser Components in a Nuclear Plant", Journal of Protective Coatings and Linings, Vol. 1, No. 4, September 1984. [journal]

  • Bell, R.J., "Condenser Performance Monitoring", Proceedings: Power Plant Performance Monitoring Conference/Workshop, Washington, DC., October 1984. [conference paper] Bell, R.J. and Conley, E.F., "Reliable Feedwater Heaters", ASME/IEEE Joint Power Generation Conference 84-JPGC-Pwr-27. [conference paper]

  • Bell, R.J. and Diaz-Tous, I.A., "Life Extension of Feedwater Heaters and Steam Surface Condenser", 84-ASME/IEEE Joint Power Generation Conference-Pwr-33. [conference paper]

  • Bell, R.J., "The Effects of Fossil Plant Cycling Upon Feed­water Heater Systems", Proceedings: Fossil Plant Cycling Workshop. Palo Alto, CA: Electric Power Research Institute, April 1985. CS-3979. [conference paper]

  • Impagliazzo, A.M., Bell, R.J. and Conley, E.F., "Impact of Feedwater Chemistry on Feedwater Heater Tubing", EPRI Symposi­um Fossil Plant Water Chemistry, Atlanta, June 1985. [conference paper]

  • Bell, R.J., Impagliazzo, A.M., Wells, T.G., Nuclear Plant Feedwater Heater Handbook. Palo Alto, CA: Electric Power Research Institute, June 1985. NP4057. [report]

  • Bell, R. J., “ Root Cause Failures Analysis: Turbine Building Component Cooling Water Heat Exchanger Tubes”, (co-author) October 1985, ASME/IEEE Joint Power Generation Conference. [conference paper]

  • Bell, R.J., Lee, R., and Torbin, R.N., "State-of-the-Art Mechanical Systems for Scale and Biofilm Control", Proceed­ings: Condenser Biofouling Control - State-of-the-Art Sym­posium. Palo Alto, CA: Electric Power Research Institute, November 1985. CS-4339. [conference paper]

  • Conley, E.F., and Bell, R.J., "The Corrosive Effect of Cer­tain Depositing Solids on Power Plant Condenser Tubes", Proceedings: Condenser Biofouling Control State-of-the-Art Symposium, Palo Alto, CA: Electric Power Research Institute, November 1985. CS-4339.

  • [conference paper] Bell, R.J. “An Introduction to Condenser Design Philosophy”, Proceedings, Prevention of Condenser Failures - The State of the Art Palo Alto, CA: Electric Power Re­search Institute, December 1985. CS-4329-SR. [conference paper]

  • Bell, R. J., “Corrosion, Corrosion-Erosion and Erosion in Power Plant Heat Exchanger Systems”, Gulf Coast Corrosion Control Seminar, Feb. 1986, Houston, TX. [conference paper]

  • Bell, R.J., Spires, G.V. and Pilcher, D., "Restoring Con­denser Tubesheet Joint Integrity With Epoxy Cladding", ASME/IEEE Joint Power Generation Conference, 86-JPGC-Pwr-32. [conference paper]

  • Bell, R. J., “Prevention and Control of Steam Turbine Contaminant” (co-author), Proceedings: Steam Turbine Blade Reliability Seminar and Workshop Palo Alto CA: Electric Power Research Institute, March 1987. CS5085. [conference paper]

  • Bell, R. J., Conley E. F., “Recommended Practices for Operating and Maintaining Steam Surface Condensers”, Palo Alto, CA: Electric Power Research Institute, July 1987. CS-5235. [report]

  • Bell, R.J., “Condition Monitoring of Power Plant Heat Exchangers”. Proceedings: Fossil Plant Inspection Conference. Palo Alto CA: Electric Power Research Institute, August 1987. CS5320. [conference paper]

  • Piskorowski, J.T., Bell, R.J., and Beckett, G., "Detection and Minimization of Air Binding Problem on Petersburg, Unit No. 3 Condenser". Proceedings: Condenser Technology Symposium. Palo Alto CA: Electric Power Research Institute, September 1987. CS5942-SR. [conference paper]

  • D.F. Harrison, L. Bramlett, D. Coker, E.F. Conley and R.J. Bell, “Localized Corrosion of 90-10 Cu-Ni Condenser Tubes Induced by Common ID Scaling Materials”. Proceedings: Condenser Technology Symposium. Palo Alto CA: Electric Power Research Institute, September 1987. CS5942-SR. [conference paper]

  • Bell, R. J., “Condenser Performance Demonstration Facility” (co-author), ASME/IEEE Joint Power Generation Conference, October 1987 Miami, FL. [conference paper] Bell, R.J., Conley, E.F. and DeLeon, A.M., "Life Extension Analyses of Condensers and Feedwater Heaters", Proceedings: Life Extension and Assessment of Fossil Power Plants, Palo Alto, CA: Electric Power Research Institute, 1987. CS5208. [conference paper]

  • Bell, R. J., Beckett G. and Piskorowski J., “Condenser Performance Test and Back-Pressure Improvement”, Palo Alto, CA: Electric Power Research Institute, April 1988. CS-5729. [report]

  • Bell, R. J. and Hardy C. D., “Condenser Performance Test and Replacement Tubing Material Evaluation”, Palo Alto, CA: Electric Power Research Institute, April 1988. CS-5662. [report]

  • Bell, R.J. and Reid D. J., “Eddy Current Examination of Finned Tubes”, EPRI Service Water System Reliability Improvement Seminar, Nov. 1989. [conference paper]

  • Bell R.J., Dooley B., Wykoff R.W. and Galpin D.S., "Balance of Plant Heat Exchanger Life Assessment Methodology Devel­oped by the EPRI Guideline Demonstration Program", EPRI BOP Heat Exchanger NDE Workshop, New Orleans, August 1990. [conference paper]

  • Bell, R. J., Dooley B., Wykoff R. W. and Galpin D. S., “Condenser Life Assessment Methodology Developed by the EPRI Guideline Demonstration Program”, EPRI Condenser Technology Conference, Boston, MA September 1990. [conference paper]

  • Bell R.J. and Matthews A.L., "Data Acquisition Experience for Condenser Performance Monitoring at Somerset Station". Presented at the EPRI Condenser Technology Conference, Boston, MA (September 1990). [conference paper]

  • Bell, R. J. and Strauss S. D., “Advancing Heat Exchanger Reliability”, “Power Magazine Volume 135, No. 7, McGraw-Hill’s, New York, July 1991. [magazine article]

  • Bell, R. J. and Diaz-Tous I. A., “Manual for Investigation and Correction of Feedwater Heater Failures”, Palo Alto CA: Electric Power Research Institute, September 1991. GS-7390. [report]

  • Bell, R. J., Burns J., Almquist C., Hernandez G., Tsou J. and Siewert R., “Improved Test Methods, Modern Instrumentation & Rational Heat Transfer Analysis”, Proposed by Revised ASME Surface Condenser Test Code, PTC 12.2, 1991. [conference paper]

  • Bell, R. J. and Conley E. F., “Formulation of Effective Waterside Layup Procedures for Condensers, Raw Water Cooled Heat Exchangers and Their Piping Systems”, EPRI Fossil Plant Layup and Reactivation Conference, Louisiana, April 1992. [conference paper]

  • Bell, R.J. and Conley, E.F., “The Complementary Roles of NDE and Destructive Failure Analysis of BOP Heat Exchangers”, EPRI 2nd Balance of Plant Heat Exchanger NDE Workshop, May 1992 - Key West, FL. [conference paper]

  • Conley, E.F., Bell, R.J. and Cowan, K., “Results Derived from Levels I to III Inspections of Two Stainless Steel Tubed High Pressure Feedwater Heaters”, EPRI Feedwater Heater Technology Symposium, October 1992 - Birmingham, AL. [conference paper]

  • Bell, R. J., “Problems Encountered and Practical Solutions Effected While Performing NDE of SWS Heat Exchangers”, EPRI Service Water Systems Reliability Improvements Seminar, Philadelphia, PA, July 1993. [conference paper]

  • Bell, R. J. and Reid D. J., “Accurate Nondestructive Testing of Corroded Service Water System Component”, Electric Utility Service Water System Reliability Improvement, A Compendium of Presentations, Charlotte, NC: Electric Power Research Institute July 1993. TR-101541. [report]

  • Bell, R. J., Bonnyman, K., McMahon T. and Burns S., “A Success Story: Condition Assessment, Repair and Subsequent Operation of 3 High Pressure Monel Tubed Feedwater Heaters”, 4th EPRI Fossil Plant Inspections Conference, San Antonio, TX. January 1994. [conference paper]

  • Bell, R. J., Bonnyman K. and Waddingham A. L., “Nondestructive Testing Techniques for Examination and Condition Assessment of Tubular Air Preheaters”, 4th EPRI Fossil Plant Inspections Conference, San Antonio, TX, January 1994. [conference paper]

  • Bell, R. J. and Rhodes N., “Improvement of Condenser Performance with Computer Modeling”, EPRI Heat Rate Improvement Conference, Baltimore, MD, May 1994. [conference paper]

  • Bell, R. J. and Rhodes N., “CFD Analysis Uncovers Ways to Lower Condenser Pressure Drop”, Power Magazine Volume 138, No. 5, McGraw-Hill’s, New York, May 1994. [magazine article]

  • Waddingham, A., and Bell, R.J., “Technical Review of Ohio Edison’s Heat Exchanger Condition Assessment Program”, 3rd Balance of Plant Heat Exchanger NDE Workshop, June 1994 - Myrtle Beach, SC. [conference paper]

  • Bell, R.J., and Hardy, C. D “Investigation of Condenser Deficiencies Utilizing State-of-the-Art Test Instrumentation and Modeling Techniques and Results from Post Modification Testing”, Proceedings: 1996 Heat Rate Improvement Conference. Palo Alto, CA: Electric Power Research Institute May 1996. TR106529. [conference paper]

  • Bell, R.J., “Condition Assessment of Steam Surface Condensers”, Proceedings: Condenser Technology Conference. Palo Alto, CA: Electric Power Research Institute, August 1996. TR106. [conference paper]

  • Bell, R.J. and Foote, A., “A Case History of Feedwater Heater Condition Assessment and Life Extension”. [report]

  • Bell, R.J., ”High Pressure Feedwater Heaters for Advanced Fossil Fired Power Plants”, (co-author), Electric Power Research Institute [report]

  • Bell, R. J., “Effects of Cycle Plant Chemistry on Feedwater Heaters”, Electric Power Research Institute’s Symposium on Fossil Plant Chemistry. [conference paper]

  • Bell, R.J., and Conley, E.F. “Condition Assessment of Power Plant Heat Exchangers”, University of Illinois 17th Annual Electric Power Chemistry Workshop, May 1997 Champaign, Ill. [conference paper]

  • Bell, R.J., and M. Tucci, “Returning the Craig Unit 3 Condenser to Leak Tight Operation”, Eight Annual Southwest Chemistry Workshop New Century Energies and Tri-State G & T, Steamboat Springs, CO, August 11-13, 1999 [conference paper]

  • Bell, R.J. and J. Cole, “Condenser Tube Eddy Current Testing as a Maintenance Tool”, EPRI Condenser Technology Conference, Charleston, South Carolina, August 30 –September 3, 1999 [conference paper] Bell, R.J. , Keller R., F. Lund, and C.D. Hardy, “Condenser Re-Engineering to Improve Performance Two Case Studies”, EPRI Condenser Technology Conference, Charleston, South Carolina, August 30 –September 3, 1999 [conference paper]

  • Bell, R.J, “Nondestructive and Destructive Examination”, EPRI Feedwater Heater Seminar, Kansas City, MO September 25-26, 1995 [conference paper]

  • Bell, R.J, “Condition Assessment of Closed Feedwater Heaters”, EPRI Feedwater Heater Technology Seminar Symposium, Kansas City, MO September 27-29, 1995 [conference paper]

  • Bell, R.J, “Condition Assessment of Steam Surface Condensers”, EPRI Proceedings: Condenser Technology Conference, August 1996 [conference paper]

  • Bell, R.J, “Condition Assessment”, EPRI Condenser Technology Seminar, August 26-27, 1996, Boston, MA [seminar paper]

  • Bell, R.J, “Three Level Approach to Condition Assessment”, EPRI Feedwater Heater Technology Seminar, August 17-18, 1998 - Seattle Washington [seminar paper]

  • Bell, R.J, “Selected Power Plant Heat Exchanger Failure Causes”, EPRI Proceedings: 4th Balance of Plant Heat Exchanger NDE Symposium. [conference paper].

  • Bell, R.J, and P. K. Trygstad, “Repair of 2B High Pressure Feedwater Heater at the Tri-State G&T Craig Generating Station, Craig Co”, EPRI Proceedings: 4th Balance of Plant Heat Exchanger NDE Symposium.- October 1997 [conference paper]

  • Bell, R.J, “Condenser Failure Causes”, EPRI Condenser Seminar, September 1-3, 1999, Charleston, SC [conference paper]

  • Bell, R.J, “An Engineer’s Guide to Eddy Current Testing”, EPRI 5th BOP Heat Exchanger NDE Symposium, Lake Tahoe, June 1998 [conference paper]

  • Rhodes N., Bell R.J. and Hardy C.D., “Condenser Re-Engineering to Improve Performance”, EPRI Condenser Seminar, Boston, MA, September, 1999 [conference paper]

  • Alfonso C. and Bell R.J., “NDE Directed Maintenance and Repairs Prolong Feedwater heater Life at Big Bend Station”, EPRI 6th BOP Heat Exchanger NDE Symposium, June 2000 [conference paper]

  • Bell R.J., “Reference Standards for Balance of Plant Heat Exchangers”, EPRI 7th BOP Heat Exchanger NDE Symposium, Santa Ana Pueblo, New Mexico, June 2002 [conference paper]

  • Bell, R.J., “Examination of Corroded Heat Exchanger Tubing in Cooling Water Service”, 10th Annual Southwest Chemistry Workshop, July 2001, Phoenix, AZ [conference paper]

  • Price, M.R., Shelton, J. and Bell, R.J., “Gorgas Unit 10 Tube Inspection of HP Feedwater Heaters”, EPRI Feedwater Heater Technology Seminar, August 17-18, 1998 - Seattle Washington [seminar paper]

  • Bell, R. J., Reed, D., Morio, S. M., “Available Non-Destructive Examination Techniques for Closed Feedwater Heaters”

  • Price, M.R., Bell, R.J., and Bonnyman, K., “A Technique for Highly Accurate Inspection of Carbon Steel Feedwater Heater Tubes at Plant Gorgus – Unit 10” EPRI Feedwater Heater Conference, Seattle, WA – August 1998 Galpin,

  • D.S., Dooley, R.B., Parker, J.D., and Bell R.J., “Component Life Assessment Methodologies Developed by the EPRI Guideline Demonstration Program’s” , International Joint Power Generation Conference, Dallas, TX, 89-JPGC/Pwr-8, October 1989.

  • Wycoff, R., Bell, R.J., and Presnak, R., “Steam Surface Condenser Condition Assessment and Life Extension”. Proceedings: EPRI Condenser Technology Symposium, CS 5942-SR, September 1998.

  • Bell, R.J., “An Engineer’s Guide to Eddy Current Testing” EPRI BOP Conf. Rhodes, N., and Bell, R.J., “Condenser Configuration and Performance Analysis using Computational Fluid Dynamics”, EPRI Heat Rate Conference, Baltimore, MD Sept. 21-23, 1998

  • Bell, R.J. & M. McBride, “Pennsylvania Power & Light TIP-Feedwater Heater Condition Monitoring Program., EPRI- BOP Conf., Montana, August 2006.

  • Bell, R.J., “Condition Assessment of Steam Surface Condensers”, EPRI Condenser Technology Conference, San Diego. CA, Aug 31 – Sept.1, 2005

  • Bell, R.J., “Feedwater Hater Failure Causes and Achieving Reliability”, EPRI Feedwater Heater Technology Seminar, Memphis, TN, August 21-23, 2007

  • Bell, R.J., “A Need for Improvements in Eddy Current Testing of Heat Exchanger Tubes” ASME Power Conference, 2008 Bell, R.J., “Hydrogen Cooler Tube Designs and the Difficulties Encountered in Testing Them”, EPRI- 10th BOP Heat Exchanger NDE Symposium, San Antonio, TX, June 2008

  • Bell, R.J., “A Recent History of Condenser Tube Vibration Problems”, EPRI- 10th BOP Heat Exchanger NDE Symposium, San Antonio, TX, June 2008

  • Bell, R.J. , “Feedwater Heater Tube Corrosion Mechanisms in Fossil Fueled Power Plants”, EPRI Chemistry Conference, Boston, MA, June 30 – July 3, 2009

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